Craugastor laevissimus (Werner, 1896)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor laevissimus

Hylodes laevissimus Werner, 1896, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 46: 349. Holotype: "Petersburger Museum" (presumably ZISP); transferred to Berlin, and now ZMB 13202, according to Dunn and Emlen, 1932, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 84: 23. Type locality: "Honduras"; considered likely to have come from the "vicinity of San Pedro Sula, the major town in northwestern Honduras" by McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 398.

Eleutherodactylus laevissimusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Dunn and Emlen, 1932, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 84: 23; Schmidt, 1933, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 20: 18.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) laevissimusMcCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 398.

Craugastor laevissimusCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) laevissimusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

None noted.


Low to moderate elevations (100–640 m) of the Atlantic versant of western and east-central Honduras (exclusive of Copán and the extreme northwest of Cortés) and the Pacific and Atlantic versants of south-central Honduras southward to southwestern Nicaragua, almost to Costa Rica.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Honduras, Nicaragua


Resurrected from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus rugulosus by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 251 (where it had been placed by Lynch, 1965, Herpetologica, 21: 102–113; and Meyer and Wilson, 1971, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 218: 1–47) and who placed it in the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 226, included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. See also account by McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 395-399. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus laevissimus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 352. Lovich, Akre, Ryan, Nunez, Ford, Cruz-Díaz, Borjas, Scott, Flores, Del Cid, Flores, Rodriguez, and Luque-Montes, 2010, Herpetol. Rev., 41: 112–116, provided a record for Choluteca Province, Honduras, and commented on the range. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. Martínez-Fonseca, Holmes, Sunyer, Westeen, Grundler, Cerda, Fernández-Mena, Loza-Molina, Monagan, Nondorf, Pandelis, and Rabosky, 2024, Check List, 20: 67, provided a record from Las Brisas del Mogotón, Nueva Segovia, western Nicaragua. 

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