Craugastor lineatus (Brocchi, 1879)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor lineatus

Hylodes lineatus Brocchi, 1879, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 3: 22. Holotype: MNHNP 4885, according to Savage, 1987, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 33: 34. Type locality: "Attitlan [= Atitlán] (Mexique)" (locality actually in Guatemala). Secondary homonym of Hylodes lineatus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841).

Eleutherodactylus lineatusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication.

Eleutherodactylus anzuetoi Stuart, 1941, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 54: 197. Holotype: UMMZ 89160, by original designation. Type locality: "Floor of oak forest about 2 km. north of Nebaj, El Quiché, Guatemala. Altitude, about 1985 m." Synonymy by Savage, 1987, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 33: 34.

Eleutherodactylus macdougalli Taylor, 1942, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 28: 71-73. Holotype: UIMNH 15907 (formerly EHT-HMS 27482, by original designation). Type locality: "above La Gloria, Oaxaca, [Mexico,] north of Niltepec, on an Atlantic exposure at an elevation of about 4,500 ft." Synonymy by Savage, 1987, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 33: 34.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) lineatusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor lineatusCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) lineatusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 38.

English Names

Montane Robber Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 19; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 76).


Lower montane evergreen forests of Atlantic-versant Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico, and Guatemala, and on the Pacific versant from eastern Oaxaca through Chiapas to the southwestern highlands of Guatemala, 300–2000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Guatemala, Mexico


See account by Savage, 1987, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 33: 34-35, who included it in the Eleutherodactylus gollmeri group. In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) gollmeri group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 227. In older literature often confounded with Lithodytes lineatus. Junior secondary homonym of Hylodes lineatus Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 625. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 226, included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus gollmeri group. In the Craugastor laticeps species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 38. In the subgenus Craugastor but not assigned to species series by Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 305. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.

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