Craugastor occidentalis (Taylor, 1941)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor occidentalis

Borborocoetes mexicanus Boulenger, 1898, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1898: 477. Syntypes: BMNH 1892.2.8.66–67 according to Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 109; renumbered 1947.2.16.66-67, with 1947.2.16.67 designated lectotype by Streicher, García-Vázquez, Ponce-Campos, Flores-Villela, Campbell, and Smith, 2014, Syst. Biodiversity, 12: 15. Type locality: "Hacienda el Florencio, Zacatecas, Mexico"; noted to be nearly directly north of San Cristobal on the eastern slope of Sierra de Florencio in Zacatecas by Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 109. Secondary homonym of Leiuperus mexicanus Brocchi, 1879.

Eleutherodactylus mexicanusKellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 98-99.

Eleutherodactylus occidentalis Taylor, 1941, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 54: 91. Replacement name for Borborocoetes mexicanus Boulenger, 1898.

Hylactophryne mexicanusLynch, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 346-347.

Hylactophryne occidentalisLynch, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 346.

Eleutherodactylus mexicanusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) occidentalisLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229.

Craugastor occidentalisCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) occidentalisHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 39.

English Names

Taylor's Barking Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 20; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 10).).


Sierra Alamos, southern Sonora, south through Sinaloa to western Michoacán, Colima, and northeastern Jalisco west and north to southwestern Durango and southern Zacatecas, Mexico.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) rhodopis group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229; formerly considered a member of Hylactophryne (= the Eleutherodactylus augusti group) by Lynch, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 346–347. In the Eleutherodactylus rhodopis group according to Lynch, 2000, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 24: 129–156. Arenas-Monroy, González-Saucedo, Carbajal-Márquez, and Sigala-Rodríguez, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 298, provided a second record for southern Zacatecas, Mexico. Discussed as part of a phylogenetic analysis of the Craugastor rhodopis species group by Streicher, García-Vázquez, Ponce-Campos, Flores-Villela, Campbell, and Smith, 2014, Syst. Biodiversity, 12: 1–22. In the Craugastor (Craugastor) mexicanus species series of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. Rorabaugh and Lemos-Espinal, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Sonora: 149–151, provided a detailed account of natural history, morphology, distribution, and conservation status in Sonora, Mexico. Lemos-Espinal, Smith, and Valdes-Lares, 2019, Amph. Rept. Durango: 58–59, provided a brief account for Durango, Mexico. Quezada-Hipólito, Smith, Suazo-Ortuño, Alvarado-Díaz, González, Thammachoti, and Smart, 2019, Rev. Mexicana Biodiversidad, 90(e902448): 1–15, commented on the impact of vulcanism in the Trans-Volcanic belt of Mexico on biogeography. Ahumada-Carrillo, Grünwald, López Cuellar, and Jones, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 277–278, reported the species from the municipality of Mesquitic, northern Jalisco, Mexico. Loc-Barragán, Smith, Woolrich-Piña, and Lemos-Espinal, 2024, Herpetozoa, Wien, 37: 30, reported on the distributional and conservation status in the state of Nayarit, Mexico.      

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