Craugastor polyptychus (Cope, 1886)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor polyptychus

English Names

Many-folds Flesh-bellied Frog (Cossel, Twining, Di Stefano, O’Brien, Reich, and Sandoval-Alanis, 2019, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 14: 236). 


Humid lowlands of the Atlantic drainage of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and adjacent northwestern Panama, below 260 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama


Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 260, provided an account for this species, provisionally resurrected it from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus bransfordii (where it had been placed by Savage and Emerson, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 623-644), noted its close relationship to Eleutherodactylus underwoodi, and placed it in his Eleutherodactylus rhodopis series, Eleutherodactylus rhodopis group. In the Craugastor rhodopis species series, Craugastor podiciferus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. McCranie, Sunyer, and Martínez-Fonseca, 2019, Rev. Nicaraguense Biodiversidad, 52: 27, suggested the distinction from Craugastor bransfordii requires additional study. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.