Craugastor spatulatus (Smith, 1939)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor spatulatus

Eleutherodactylus spatulatus Smith, 1939, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 52: 187. Holotype: USNM 106027 (formerly H.M. Smith 3787), by original designation. Type locality: "Cuautlapan, Veracruz", Mexico.

Eleutherodactylus bufonoides Lynch, 1965 "1964", Herpetologica, 20: 246. Holotype: USNM 140155, by original designation. Type locality: "approximately 135 km. SW Tuxtepec, above Vista Hermosa, Oaxaca, Mexico." Synonymy by Lynch, 1970, Herpetologica, 26: 173-174.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) spatulatusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor spatulatusCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361.

Craugastor (Hylactophryne) spatulatusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 45.

English Names

Spatulate Robber Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 21; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 79; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 11).


Atlantic-drainage cloud forests at Cuautlapam, central Veracruz, and Vista Hermosa, Sierra Juarez, Oaxaca, Mexico, above 1800 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) alfredi group, according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 232. Removed from a monophyletic Craugastor by Lynch, 2000, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 24: 130. Canseco-Márquez, Gutiérrez-Mayén, and Salazar-Arenas, 2000, Herpetol. Rev., 31: 259, provided the first report for Puebla. In the Craugastor (Hylactophryne) bocourti species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 45. Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123, rejected species groups within the subgenus Hylactophryne. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 311.

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