Craugastor tarahumaraensis (Taylor, 1940)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor tarahumaraensis

Eleutherodactylus tarahumaraensis Taylor, 1940, Copeia, 1940: 250. Holotype: EHT-HMS 23008, by original designation; now UIMNH 15955, according to J.D. Lynch In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 333. Type locality: "Mojárachic, Chihuahua, in the Tarahumara Mountains at an elevation of about 6900 feet", Mexico.

Hylactophryne tarahumaraensisLynch, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 511.

Eleutherodactylus tarahumaraensisHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) tarahumaraensisLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 233.

Craugastor tarahumaraensisCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361.

Craugastor (Hylactophryne) tarahumaraensisHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 44.

English Names

Tarahumara Barking Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 21; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 79; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 11).


Pine-oak and pine forests of eastern Sonora and western Chihuahua to southern Durango and Jalisco, Mexico, along the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) augusti group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 233. See account by Zweifel, 1956, Am. Mus. Novit., 1813: 28-33. Removed from a monophyletic Craugastor by Lynch, 2000, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 24: 130. In the Craugastor augusti species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 44. Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123, rejected species groups within the subgenus Hylactophryne. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 312. Ferguson, Turner, Hale, Villa, Hedgecock, and Enderson, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 438-439, provided a record for the Sierra de Bacadéhuachi, municipality of Bacadéhuachi, Sonora, Mexico, and discussed the range of the species in Sonora and adjacent Chihuahua. Lemos-Espinal, 2007, Anf. Rept. Chihuahua Mexico: 50–51, provided an account (as Eleutherodactylus tarahumaraensis) for Chihuahua, Mexico. Enderson, Van Devender, and Bezy, 2014, Check List, 10: 921, provided additional localities in eastern Sonora, Mexico, and sympatry with Craugastor augustiRorabaugh and Lemos-Espinal, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Sonora: 151–153, provided a detailed account of natural history, morphology, distribution, and conservation status in Sonora, Mexico. Lemos-Espinal, Smith, and Valdes-Lares, 2019, Amph. Rept. Durango: 59–60, provided a brief account for Durango, Mexico.  Rorabaugh, 2022, Herpetol. Rev., 53: 70, provided a low elevational record (1391 m) from 88 km ESE Guisamopa, Sonora, Mexico.    

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