Craugastor taurus (Taylor, 1958)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor taurus

Eleutherodactylus taurus Taylor, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 39: 17. Holotype: KU 43866 (not KU 43867 as reported by Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 292), according to J.D. Lynch IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 324. Type locality: "Golfito, [Cantón de Golfito,] Puntarenas Province", Costa Rica. Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 91-92, commented on the type locality.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) taurusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor taurusCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361.

Craugastor (Craugastor) taurusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

Golfito Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 79).


Lowland evergreen forests of the Golfo Dulce region of Pacific southwestern Costa Rica and adjacent western Panama, 25–525 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Panama


In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) rugulosus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 233. See account by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 280–282. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 252–253, who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42. Transferred to the Craugastor (Craugastorfitzingeri species series, Craugastor fitzingeri species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 122. Placed in the Craugastor punctariolus species series by Ospina-Sarria, Angarita-Sierra, and Pedroza-Banda, 2015, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 10: 122. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 312. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. Chaves, Zumbado-Ulate, García-Rodríguez, Gómez-Méndez, Vredenburg, and Ryan, 2014, Tropical Conserv. Sci., 7: 628–638, reported on the rediscovery (on Punta Banco) of the species in Costa Rica after the 1987 chytrid die-off. 

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