Craugastor vulcani (Shannon and Werler, 1955)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor vulcani

Eleutherodactylus vulcani Shannon and Werler, 1955, Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci., 58: 379. Holotype: UIMNH 74468 (formerly F.A. Shannon 4728), by original designation. Type locality: "by a water hole on the slopes of Volcán San Martín, Veracruz, at an elevation of 3500 feet", Mexico.

Craugastor vulcaniCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361.

Craugastor (Craugastor) vulcaniHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

Volcan San Martin Rainfrog (Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 11).


Known only from rain forest and cloud forest in the isolated Sierra de los Tuxtlas of southern Veracruz, Mexico, 400-1200 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus berkenbuschii by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 208, where it had been placed by Lynch, 1965, Herpetologica, 21: 110 (actually under Eleutherodactylus rugulosus, sensu lato) and by Savage and DeWeese, 1979, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 78: 114. In the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 227, included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus vulcani) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 390.

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