Holoadeninae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Holoadeninae
72 species

Holoadeninae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 97. Type genus: Holoaden Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920.

Holoadeninia — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 145. Infratribe. 

Barycholinoa Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 146. Type genus: Barycholos Heyer, 1969. Hypotribe. 

Bryophryninoa Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 146. Type genus: Bryophryne Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008. Hypotribe. 

Holoadeninoa  Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Hypotribe. 

Noblellinoa Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Type genus: Noblella Barbour, 1930. Hypotribe. 

Hypodactylinia— Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Infratribe. 

Oreobatinoa Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 148. Type genus: Oreobates Jiménez de la Espada, 1872. Hypotribe. 

Oreobatites — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Clan. 

Phrynopodites Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Type genus: Phrynopus Peters, 1873. Clan. 

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Pacific lowlands of Ecuador and southern Colombia; in the Andes of southern Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia, and in the Amazon Basin of Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and adjacent Brazil; Atlantic coastal forests in southeastern Brazil.

Comment

Association of Atopophrynus, Dischidodactylus, Euparkerella, and Geobatrachus was made provisionally with this taxon by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 1-182, substantially on the basis of geography (p. 97). Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 52: 911-915, provided molecular evidence for the monophyly of the group. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, redelimited the group, suggested that it might be the sister taxon of Pristimantinae, and excluded taxa not included on the basis of character evidence. Canedo and Haddad, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 610-620, suggested that Strabomantinae may be the sister taxon of Holoadeninae. Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 53, transferred Hypodactylus, Lynchius, Oreobates, and Phrynopus into this subfamily, noted that no morphological synapomorphies are apparent although they did discuss relationships uncovered by molecular analysis that had been previously discovered by study of morphology. Venegas, Barboza, De la Riva, and Padial, 2018, Zootaxa, 4446: 501–524, provided a tree of the members of Holoadeninae. Catenazzi, Mamani, Lehr, and von May, 2020, Diversity, 12 (184): 1–17, reported on molecular phylogenetics of the group. Motta, Taucce, Haddad, and Canedo, 2021, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 59: 663–679, discussed the phylogenetics of the genera within the group and the group within Brachycephaloidea. 

Contained taxa (72 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.