Niceforonia brunnea (Lynch, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Hypodactylinae > Genus: Niceforonia > Species: Niceforonia brunnea

Phrynopus brunneus Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 35: 14. Holotype: USNM 192909, by original designation. Type locality: "10 km WNW El Carmelo (= Pun), Carchi Prov., Ecuador, 3150 m".

"Phrynopus" brunneusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: 4.

Isodactylus brunneusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 108.

Hypodactylus brunneusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1795: 67–68.

Niceforonia brunnea — Acosta-Galvis, Streicher, Manuelli, Cuddy, and de Sá, 2018, Zootaxa, 4514: 494. 

English Names

Carchi Andes Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).


Known from the type locality near el Carmelo (3150 m elevation), as well as about 30 km to the west at Chamizo, both localities in Carchi Province, Ecuador.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


Cisneros-Heredia, 2004, Herpetozoa, Wien, 17: 194-195, provided the second locality for this species. Lehr, Fritzsch, and Müller, 2005, Zool. Scripta, 34: 593-603, suggested that Phrynopus brunneus is not nested among other Phrynopus, but imbedded in Eleutherodactylus, but hesitated to make the change pending additional resolution. Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10092-10097, removed this species from nominal Phrynopus but did not provide a new generic name; see comment under Hypodactylus.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.