Pristimantis cerasinus (Cope, 1875)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis cerasinus

Hylodes cerasinus Cope, 1875 "1876", J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 8: 112. Holotype: USNM 32572 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 61. Type locality: "eastern slope of the Pico Blanco", Limón Province, Costa Rica. Corrected to "Cerro Utyum, 5000-7000 ft, Cantón de Talamanca, Provincia de Limón; 1524-2134 m", Costa Rica, by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 110. See discussion of type locality by Arias and Chaves, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 176–180, who concluded that the type locality is actually "Slope of Cerro Kamuk, elev. possibly 760–1,520 m", Provincia de Limón, Costa Rica.

Eleutherodactylus cerasinusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Barbour and Dunn, 1921, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 34: 161.

Eleutherodactylus peraltae Barbour, 1928, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 10: 30. Holotype: MCZ 13601, by original designation. Type locality: "high forest at Peralta, [Cantón de Turrialba, Cartago Province,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 101, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Savage, 1981, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 94: 416.

Eleutherodactylus tiptoni Lynch, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 65. Holotype: BYU 19146, by original designation. Type locality: "Rio Changena, 22 mi. W. Almirante, Bocas Del Toro, Panama". Synonymy by Savage, 1981, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 94: 416.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) cerasinusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222.

Eleutherodactylus operosus Savage, McCranie, and Wilson, 1999, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 112: 788. Holotype: USNM 530555, by original designation. Type locality: "from near a small dam along a small tributary of the Quebrada de Las Marías (15° 18′ N, 85° 21′ W), about 12 airline km NNE La Colonia, Departamento de Olancho, Honduras, 680 m elev." Synonymy by McCranie and Wilson, 2003, J. Herpetol., 37: 408.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) operosusMcCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 425.

Craugastor cerasinusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360, in error.

Pristimantis cerasinusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Hypodictyon) cerasinusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 116.

English Names

Limon Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).


Atlantic lowlands and premontane slopes of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, onto both versants in western and central Panama (40–1300 m); low elevations along the upper tributaries of the Plátano and Wampú rivers on the Atlantic versant of northeastern Honduras.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama


Reviewed by Savage, 1981, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 94: 413–420. In the Eleutherodactylus cruentus group, according to Savage and DeWeese, 1981 "1980", Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 93: 940, which is regarded as a subset of the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group, by Lynch, 1976, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 61: 1–24. Considered the Central American representative of the Eleutherodactylus cerasinus group by Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza, and Ardila-Robayo, 1994, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 170: 1–42, who redescribed the species. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) cerasinus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 227, noted confusion with Eleutherodactylus cruentus in the literature and included this species in his Eleutherodactylus cerasinus series, Eleutherodactylus cerasinus group. See account (as Eleutherodactylus operosus) by McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 423–425. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 38, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. In the Pristimantis (Hypodictyon) rubicundus group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 116. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Crawford, Ryan, and Jaramillo, 2010, Herpetologica, 66: 196–202, suggested that Pristimantis cerasinus belongs in the Pristimantis ridens species group. In the Pristimantis ridens species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.. Sunyer, Martínez-Fonseca, Salazar-Saavedra, Galindo-Uribe, and Obando, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 166, provided a record for the department of Matagalpa, Nicaragua. Martínez-Fonseca, Holmes, Sunyer, Westeen, Grundler, Cerda, Fernández-Mena, Loza-Molina, Monagan, Nondorf, Pandelis, and Rabosky, 2024, Check List, 20: 68, provided a record from Refugio Bartola, Departamento Río San Juan, Nicaragua, 60 m elevation. 

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