Pristimantinae Pyron and Wiens, 2011

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae
649 species

Pristimantinae Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 580. Nomen nudum.

Pristimantinae Ohler and Dubois, 2012, Alytes, 28: 165. Type genus: Pristimantis Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, by original designation.

Pristimantina — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 145. Subtribe. 

Pristimantinia — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Infratribe. 

Pristimantoa— Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Hypotribe. 

English Names

None noted. 

Distribution

Honduras east through Central America and northern South America to northern Argentina, Bolivia, the Guianas; Trinidad and Tobaga; Grenada. 

Comment

See comment under Brachycephaloidea for access to literature about the placement of this group. Motta, Taucce, Haddad, and Canedo, 2021, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 59: 663–679, discussed the history of the taxonomy of the group and the seeming instability of the phylogenetic position of the family within Brachycephaloidea and suggested that recognizing several families (of which this Pristimantinae would constitute two, one composed of Pristimantis and Yunganastes and the other composed of Lynchius, Oreobates, and Phrynopus) within a single family would provide substantial stability for what appears to be an unstable part of the anuran tree. 

Contained taxa (649 sp.):

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