Pristimantinae Ohler and Dubois, 2012

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae
699 species

Pristimantinae Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 580. Nomen nudum.

Pristimantinae Ohler and Dubois, 2012, Alytes, 28: 165. Type genus: Pristimantis Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, by original designation.

Pristimantina — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 145. Subtribe. 

Pristimantinia — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Infratribe. 

Pristimantoa — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 147. Hypotribe. 

English Names

None noted. 


Honduras east through Central America and northern South America to northern Argentina, Bolivia, the Guianas; Trinidad and Tobago; Grenada. 


See comment under Brachycephaloidea for access to literature about the placement of this group. Goicoechea, De la Riva, and Padial, 2010, Zool. Scripta, 39: 141–154, discussed the role of call characteristics as possible evidence for phylogeny reconstruction in a sample of Yunganastes, Pristimantis, and OreobatesMotta, Taucce, Haddad, and Canedo, 2021, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 59: 663–679, discussed the history of the taxonomy of the group and the seeming instability of the phylogenetic position of the family within Brachycephaloidea and suggested that recognizing several families (of which this Pristimantinae would constitute two, one composed of Pristimantis and Yunganastes and the other composed of Lynchius, Oreobates, and Phrynopus) within a single family would provide substantial stability for what appears to be an unstable part of the anuran tree. Portik, Streicher, and Wiens, 2023, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 188 (107907): 52, 67, recovered topological results congruent to those of Motta et al. (2021), although not citing this paper, finding Pristimantis + Yunganastes in one monophyletic group and Lynchius, Oreobates, and Phrynopus in the another, with Tachiramantis recovered (weakly) as a member of Craugastorinae, although they made no taxonomic change. They did not sample Serranobatrachus

Contained taxa (699 sp.):

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