Pristimantis citriogaster (Duellman, 1992)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis citriogaster

Eleutherodactylus citriogaster Duellman, 1992, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 6: 24. Holotype: KU 212277, by original designation. Type locality: "Cataratas Ahuashiyacu (06° 30′ S, 76° 20′ W, 730 m), 14 km (by road) northeast of Tarapoto, Provincia de San Martín, Departamento de San Martín, Peru".

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) citriogasterLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222.

Pristimantis citriogasterHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) citriogasterHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120.

English Names

Throated Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).


Elevations of 600-800 m in lower humid montane forest on the slopes of a ridge northeast of Tarapoto, Departamento de San Martín in northern Peru; reported 452 km to the northwest at 1094 m elevation in the vicinity of General Leonidas Plaza, Provincia Morona-Santiago, southeastern Ecuador.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Ecuador, Peru


In the Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus group, most closely allied with Eleutherodactylus lymani and Eleutherodactylus condor, according to the original publication. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222. See Duellman and Pramuk, 1999, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 13: 26, for account. In the Pristimantis conspicillatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 125. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 160-161, for brief account. Camacho-Badani, Yánez-Muñoz, and Ron, 2012, Check List, 8: 513-515, provided the first record for Ecuador and commented on the range. In the Pristimantis conspicillatus group, Pristimantis conspicillatus clade of Fouquet, Réjaud, Rodrigues, Ron, Chaparro, Osorno-Muñoz, Werneck, Hrbek, Lima, Camacho-Badani, Jaramillo-Martinez, and Chave, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20(1: 2130464): 1–16, who reported on phylogenetics and biogeography. 

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