Pristimantis conspicillatus (Günther, 1858)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis conspicillatus

Hylodes conspicillatus Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 326. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.16.20 (formerly 1858.7.25.24) according to Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 3–9. Type locality: "Anden von Ecuador".

Hylodes (Hylodes) conspicillatusCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 153.

Lithodytes conspicillatusCope, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 20: 115.

Eleutherodactylus conspicillatusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Stebbins and Hendrickson, 1959, Univ. California Publ. Zool., 56: 528.

Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus conspicillatusRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 63.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222.

Pristimantis conspicillatusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) conspicillatusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120.

English Names

Chirping Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).


Upper Amazon Basin in Colombia, Ecuador, western Brazil, and eastern Peru.


See comment under Eleutherodactylus peruvianus. Reviewed by Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 3–9. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 89–90, provided a brief account including a short description of the call. Distribution records given by Lynch and Lescure, 1980, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 2: 307, and Lynch, 1980, Am. Mus. Novit., 2696: 4. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 56, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru as Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 222. In the Pristimantis conspicillatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 125. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 163–164, for brief account. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. In the Pristimantis conspicillatus group, Pristimantis conspicillatus clade of Fouquet, Réjaud, Rodrigues, Ron, Chaparro, Osorno-Muñoz, Werneck, Hrbek, Lima, Camacho-Badani, Jaramillo-Martinez, and Chave, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20(1: 2130464): 1–16, who reported on phylogenetics and biogeography.

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