Pristimantis eremitus (Lynch, 1980)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis eremitus

Eleutherodactylus eremitus Lynch, 1980, Breviora, 462: 2. Holotype: MCZ 92103, by original designation. Type locality: "La Palma-Chiriboga road (hwy. 28), 25.7 km above (NE) La Palma, Prov. Pichincha, Ecuador, 1820 m."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) eremitusLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 223.

Pristimantis eremitusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) eremitusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 123.

English Names

Chiriboga Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 74).

Lonely Rainfrog (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 66). 


Cloud forests (1730 to 2456 m elevation) on the Pacific slopes of the western Andes in Ecuador (Pichincha Province) north to extreme southwestern Colombia (Department of Nariño).


In the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group, Eleutherodactylus lacrimosus assembly, according to the original publication. See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 91–92, who place it in the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group. In the Pristimantis lacrimosus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 123, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus eremitus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 336. Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 66–68, provided an account and dot map for Ecuador. Hutter, Liu, Kell, Lyons, and Guayasamin, 2016, Herpetologica, 72: 13–22, discussed natural history, call, distribution, and conservation. Transferred to the Pristimantis lacrimosus group on the basis of molecular data by Carrión-Olmedo and Ron, 2021, Evol. Syst., 5: 151–175. 

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