Pristimantis eremitus (Lynch, 1980)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis eremitus

Eleutherodactylus eremitus Lynch, 1980, Breviora, 462: 2. Holotype: MCZ 92103, by original designation. Type locality: "La Palma-Chiriboga road (hwy. 28), 25.7 km above (NE) La Palma, Prov. Pichincha, Ecuador, 1820 m."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) eremitusLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 223.

Pristimantis eremitusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) eremitusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 123.

English Names

Chiriboga Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 74).

Lonely Rainfrog (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 66). 


Cloud forests (1730 to 2456 m elevation) on the Pacific slopes of the western Andes in Ecuador (Pichincha Province) north to extreme southwestern Colombia (Department of Nariño).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


In the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group, Eleutherodactylus lacrimosus assembly, according to the original publication. See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 91–92, who place it in the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group. In the Pristimantis lacrimosus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 123, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus eremitus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 336. Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 66–68, provided an account and dot map for Ecuador. Hutter, Liu, Kell, Lyons, and Guayasamin, 2016, Herpetologica, 72: 13–22, discussed natural history, call, distribution, and conservation. Transferred to the Pristimantis lacrimosus group on the basis of molecular data by Carrión-Olmedo and Ron, 2021, Evol. Syst., 5: 151–175. 

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