Pristimantis erythropleura (Boulenger, 1896)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis erythropleura

Hylodes erythropleura Boulenger, 1896, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 17: 20. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.16.95 (formerly 1895.11.16.55), according to J.D. Lynch in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 287. Type locality: "Cali, [Colombia,] on the west slope of the Cordillera, at an altitude of 3200 feet".

Eleutherodactylus erythropleurusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Gorham, 1963, Canad. Field Nat., 77: 17. Unjustified treatment of the species name as an adjective rather than a noun in apposition.

Eleutherodactylus erythropleuraGorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 71.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) erythropleuraLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 223.

Pristimantis erythropleuraHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) erythropleuraHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128.

English Names

Colombian Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 74).


Both slopes of the Cordillera Occidental and the northern half of the Cordillera Central of Colombia (departments of Antioquia, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima, and Valle del Cauca) at elevations from 980–2600 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia

Endemic: Colombia


The species name is a noun in apposition. Distribution and variation within the species was treated by Lynch, 1992, Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ., 27: 211–226. Reviewed by Lynch, 1996, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 623: 1–3. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus devillei group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 224. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) unistrigatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128. In the Pristimantis ridens species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. Duarte-Marín and Arango-Ospina, 2019, Herpetol. Bull., London, 148: 33–34,  reported on the advertisement call from a population in the Cordillera Central. Atehortua-Vallejo, Montoya-Marín, López-Molina, and Duarte-Marín, 2020, Catal. Anf. Rept. Colombia, Medellín, 6: 43–50, provided a detailed account and literature review, including photographs, call, map, and natural history. 

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