Pristimantis incertus (Lutz, 1927)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis incertus

Hylodes incertus Lutz, 1927, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 20: 48, pl. 8, figs. 29, 30. Holotype: Specimen figured in publication, plate 13, figs. 29, 30; possibly MNRJ according to J.D. Lynch in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 270; noted by Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 117, as AL-MNRJ 1190. Type locality: Not stated, although if Hylodes incertus and Hylodes anonymus represent the same animal the type locality presumably is the same as that stated for Hylodes anonymus.

Hylodes anonymus Lutz, 1927, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 20: 40, 55. Types: Not designated, although presumably the same specimen as the holotype of Hylodes incertus. Type locality: "reservoir of Mamo near La Guaira", Venezuela. Nomen nudum. Apparently published as a synonym of, or lapsus for, Eleutherodactylus incertus—DRF.

Eleutherodactylus terraebolivaris Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 58. Holotype: MCZ 31062, by original designation. Type locality: "Rancho Grande, Edo. Aragua", Venezuela. Synonymy by Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 1. 

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) terraebolivaris — Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 233.

Eleutherodactylus anonymus —Lynch In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 270.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) anonymusLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) insertusLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 226. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Pristimantis incertusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis terraebolivaris — Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) terraebolivaris — Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120.

English Names

Secret Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).

Distribution

Central Cordillera de la Costa in Aragua, Carabobo, Distrito Capital, Miranda, and Vargas States, and western Cordillera de la Costa in Nirgua massif, Yaracuy State, Venezuela, 20–1500 m elevation. 

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 233 (as Pristimantis terraebolivaris). Colombian specimens (as Eleutherodactylus terraebolivaris) referred by Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 395, refer to other species. Kaiser, Green, and Schmid, 1994, Canad. J. Zool., 72: 2217-2237, discussed the phylogenetic relationships of this species (as Pristimantis terraebolivaris). Records from Tobago apply to Eleutherodactylus charlottevillensis. In the Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus group according to the original publication. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 55, commented on the Venezuelan distribution and misidentifications in the literature. In the Pristimantis conspicillatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 120, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 125. Hylodes incertus considered a nomen dubium by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220. See account for Hylodes incertus by Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 1-93. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 117, for comments on range, taxonomy, and literature.

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