Pristimantis luscombei (Duellman and Mendelson, 1995)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis luscombei

Eleutherodactylus luscombei Duellman and Mendelson, 1995, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 55: 354. Holotype: URP (W.E. Duellman 59957), by original designation; now MHNURP 120, pers. comm. O. Rojas Padilla (17 June 2024). Type locality: "study zone at 1.5 km N Teniente Lopez, (02° 35′ 39.6″ S, 76° 06′ 55.0″ W, 312 m), Provincia Loreto, Departamento Loreto, Peru".

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) luscombeiLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 227.

Pristimantis luscombeiHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) luscombeiHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128.

Pristimantis achuar Elmer and Cannatella, 2008, Zootaxa, 1784: 13. Holotype: QCAZ25463, by original designation. Type locality: "Kapawi Jungle Lodge, Pastaza province, Ecuador (S 02° 32.32′, W 76° 51.50′, altitude 239 m)". Synonymy by Ortega-Andrade and Venegas, 2014, Zootaxa, 3895: 34–35. 

English Names

None noted.


Amazonas, Ucayali, and Loreto, Peru, and adjacent provinces of Morona-Santiago and Pastaza in Amazonian Ecuador; also reported in Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre, Brazil, and from western Putumayo, Colombia. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


In the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group according to the original publication. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 227. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) unistrigatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128. Not assignable to a species group according to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 127. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 190, for brief account. Ortega-Andrade and Valencia, 2010, Herpetol. Notes, 3: 251–256, provided the first records for Ecuador. Betancourth-Cundar and Gutiérrez-Zamora, 2010, Ecotrópicos, 23: 61–78m reported the species (as Pristimantis achuar) from the Centro Experimental Amazonico, western Putumayo, Colombia. Ortega-Andrade and Venegas, 2014, Zootaxa, 3895: 34–35, provided an account, placed Pristimantis achuar in synonymy, and named Pristimantis miktos from within the range of this species, which although it did not change the understood range of this species, certainly changed the diagnosis of the species. Pristimantis luscombei (as Pristimantis achuar) was confused with Pristimantis ockendeni prior to its naming. López-Rojas, Ramalho, Susçuarana, and Souza, 2013, Check List, 9: 1548–1551, provided a range extension (as Pristimantis achuar) into Acre, Brazil. Crnobrna, Santa-Cruz Farfan, Gallegos, López-Rojas, Llanqui, Panduro Pisco, and Kelsen Arbaiza, 2023, Check List, 19: 449, provided a record from Ucayali Department, central-eastern Peru, and discussed the difficulties surrounding identification of this species.

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