Pristimantis museosus (Ibáñez, Jaramillo, and Arosemena, 1994)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis museosus

Eleutherodactylus museosus Ibáñez D., Jaramillo, and Arosemena, 1994, Amphibia-Reptilia, 15: 337. Holotype: MVUP 1348, by original designation. Type locality: "Culebra (08°52′14″N, 82°25′12″W), head waters of Río Changuinola, Distrito de Bocas del Toro, Provincia de Bocas del Toro, República de Panamá, 1000 m".

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) museousLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 228. Incorrect subsequent spelling of specific name.

Pristimantis museosusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Hypodictyon) museosusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 114.

English Names

None noted.


Moderate elevations (700–1000 m) on the Cordillera Central of Panama.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Panama

Endemic: Panama


Most similar to Eleutherodactylus cruentus according to the original publication. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 228. In the Pristimantis (Hypodictyon) ridens species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 114, and in the Pristimantis ridens species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus museosus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 359. Crawford, Cruz, Griffith, Ross, Ibáñez D., Lips, Driskell, Bermingham, and Crump, 2013, Mol. Ecol. Resources, 13: 1005–1018, detected potential cryptic lineages within this taxon. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. 

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