Pristimantis ocreatus (Lynch, 1981)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis ocreatus

Eleutherodactylus ocreatus Lynch, 1981, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 72: 26. Holotype: KU 117573, by original designation. Type locality: "west slope of Volcán Chiles, 10 km W Tufiño, Prov. Carchi, Ecuador, 3500-3800 m."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) ocreatusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Pristimantis ocreatusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) ocreatusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125.

Pristimantis (Trachyphrynus) ocreatus — Franco-Mena, Guayasamin, Andrade-Brito, Yánez-Muñoz, and Rojas-Runjaic, 2023, PeerJ, 11 (e14715): 17.

English Names

Carchi Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).


Páramos del Angel (3500–4150 m elevation) in extreme northern Ecuador, extending into the Colombian Central Massif in the Department of Nariño, 3550–3760 meters

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


In the Eleutherodactylus myersi assembly of the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group; most closely related to Eleutherodactylus trepidotus, according to the original publication. In the more inclusive (and monophyletic) Eleutherodactylus pyrrhomerus assembly and the sister-species of Eleutherodactylus trepidotus, according to Lynch, 1984, Herpetologica, 40: 237. In the Pristimantis myersi species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus ocreatus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 361. Recorded from Narino, Colombia, by Acosta-Galvis, 2001 "2000", Biota Colomb., 1: 289–319. 

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