Pristimantis orcesi (Lynch, 1972)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis orcesi

Eleutherodactylus orcesi Lynch, 1972, Herpetologica, 28: 142. Holotype: KU 130316, by original designation. Type locality: "on the Guaranda-Ambato road on the southwest slope of Nevado Chimborazo, about 5 km SW of the Bolivar-Chimborazo border, Bolivar Province, Ecuador, 3800 m."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) orcesiLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229.

Pristimantis orcesiHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) orcesiHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125.

English Names

Bolivar Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).


Páramos to the north and east of Guaranda, and to the west of Quito, Ecuador, at elevations between 3160–3800 m.


In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus orcesi group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229. See brief account by Lynch, 1981, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 72: 29-30. Almendáriz C. and Orcés, 2004, Rev. Politécnica, Quito, 25: 125-126, provided distributional data for Ecuador. Not assignable to a species group according to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 127. Placed in their Pristimantis orcesi group by Sánchez-Nivicela, Urgilés, Cedeño-Palacios, Abad-Peñafiel, and Guayasamin, 2021, Neotropical Biodiversity, 6: 224–237. 

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