Pristimantis orestes (Lynch, 1979)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis orestes

Eleutherodactylus orestes Lynch, 1979, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 66: 24. Holotype: KU 141998, by original designation. Type locality: "11 km NE Urdaneta, Provincia Loja, Ecuador, 2970 m."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) orestesLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229.

Pristimantis orestesHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) orestesHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125.

English Names

Urdaneta Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).


Urdaneta (Loja Province) and in Sigsig (Azuay Province), Ecuador, in subpáramo at an elevational range between 2940 to 3100 m. See comment. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Ecuador

Endemic: Ecuador


In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus orestes group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229. Almendáriz C. and Orcés, 2004, Rev. Politécnica, Quito, 25: 126-127, provided distributional data for Ecuador. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) orestes species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125. Not assignable to a species group according to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 127. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus orestes) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 362. Urgilés, Székely, Székely, Christodoulides, Sánchez-Nivicela, and Savage, 2019, ZooKeys, 864: 111–146, revised the species, recognizing Pristimantis cajanuma, from within the previous concept, and provided an account and restricted distribution (pp. 121–126), excluding records from Susudel (Azuay, Ecuador) and Saraguro (Loja, Ecuador) as unconfirmed.  

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