Pristimantis peruvianus (Melin, 1941)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis peruvianus

Eleutherodactylus peruvianusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 91.

Hylodes peruvianus Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 43. Holotype: NHMG 490, according to J.D. Lynch In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 311; reported as NHMB 0030.1 by Padial, Bielskis, and Castroviejo, 2000, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 11: 61. Type locality: "Roque, [Departamento San Martín,] Perú".

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) peruvianusLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 230.

Pristimantis peruvianusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) peruvianusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 126.

English Names

Peru Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 78).


Upper Amazon Basin in western Brazil, extreme southeastern Colombia, southern Ecuador, and eastern Peru; in cloud forests on the eastern slopes of the Andes to 1910 m. (See comment.)

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


Tentatively removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus by Lynch, 1980, Am. Mus. Novit., 2696: 4, where it had been placed by Lynch, 1975, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 272: 3. See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1980, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 69: 47–48. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 60–61, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru as Eleutherodactylus peruvianus. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus conspicillatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 230. See account by Duellman and Pramuk, 1999, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 13: 1–78. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 47, noted that this species may be composite. Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 60-61, redescribed the holotype and noted that none of the material previously referred to this taxon from Bolivia was conspecific with the holotype, but nevertheless (p. 69) predicted the eventual discovery of this taxon in Bolivia. Padial, Bielskis, and Castroviejo, 2000, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 11: 61, reported "Eleutherodactylus cf. peruvianus" for Bolivia and suggested that it probably represents a new species. Duellman, 2005, Cusco Amazonico: 270–271, provided an account (adult morphology, description of the call, life history). Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. In the Pristimantis peruvianus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 126, but transferred to the Pristmantis conspicillatus species group of and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 125. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 211–212, for brief account. Reported from the municipality of Leticia, Amazonas, Colombia, by Lynch, 2005, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 29: 584. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Crnobrna, Santa-Cruz Farfan, Gallegos, López-Rojas, Llanqui, Panduro Pisco, and Kelsen Arbaiza, 2023, Check List, 19: 449, discussed problems of identification in Ucayali Department, central-eastern Peru. 

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