Pristimantis pugnax (Lynch, 1973)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis pugnax

Eleutherodactylus pugnax Lynch, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 107. Holotype: KU 146466, by original designation. Type locality: "Salto de Agua, 2.5 km NNE Río Reventador, Napo Prov., Ecuador, 1660 m."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) pugnaxLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 231.

Pristimantis pugnaxHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) pugnaxHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128.

English Names

Agua Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 78).


Cloud forest at 1660–2540 m on the eastern face of the Andes in northern Ecuador (Sucumbios and Napo provinces) and southern Colombia (Caquetá and Putumayo departments).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


See brief account by Lynch and Duellman, 1980, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 69: 52–53, and Lynch, 1980, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 93: 336–337. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 231. Mueses-Cisneros, 2005, Caldasia, 27: 236, provided records for Putumayo, Colombia. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) unistrigatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128. Not assignable to a species group according to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 128. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus pugnax) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 371.

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