Pristimantis simoterus (Lynch, 1980)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis simoterus

Eleutherodactylus simoterus Lynch, 1980, Caldasia, 13: 177. Holotype: ICN 759, by original designation. Type locality: "Páramo de Letras, páramo-subpáramo, vereda Albania, Municipio de Herveo, Departamento del Tolima, 3200 m alt."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) simoterusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 232.

Pristimantis simoterusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) simoterusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125.

English Names

Albania Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 79).


Northern and northeastern flanks of Cordillera Central at elevation of 2700–4350 m, departaments of Caldas, Risaralda, and Tolima, Colombia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia

Endemic: Colombia


In the Eleutherodactylus orcesi assembly of the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group. See geographic comment by Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza, and Ardila-Robayo, 1996, Caldasia, 18: 330. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus orcesi group, according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 232. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) orcesi species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125. Not assignable to a species group according to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 128. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus simoterus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 621. Romero-Garcia, Clavijo-Garzon, and Bernal-Bautista, 20115, Zootaxa, 4007: 298–300, reported on the advertisement call. 

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