Pristimantis urichi (Boettger, 1894)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis urichi

Hylodes urichi Boettger In Mole and Urich, 1894, J. Trinidad Field Nat. Club, 2: 88. Syntypes: SMF; SMF 3818 (formerly 1212.2a) designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 39. Type locality: "Trinidad, on the banks of streams, under stones, and in the woods, under the leaves in damp places".

Eleutherodactylus urichiStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Barbour, 1914, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 44: 251.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) urichiHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 327.

Pristimantis urichiHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) urichiHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128.

English Names

Lesser Antilles Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 80).

Trinidad & Tobago Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 15). 


Forested parts of Trinidad and Tobago, 0–936 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Trinidad and Tobago

Endemic: Trinidad and Tobago


In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group according to Schwartz, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 30: 99–115. Eleutherodactylus shrevei and Eleutherodactylus euphronides were formerly considered subspecies. South American records are based on misidentifications according to Kaiser, Hardy, and Green, 1994, Copeia, 1994: 780–796, who provided an account. See brief accounts by Kenny, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 29: 27–28, and Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 83–84. Kaiser, Green, and Schmid, 1994, Canad. J. Zool., 72: 2217–2237, discussed the phylogenetic relationships of this species. In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus section, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis series, unassigned to species group, according to Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 327. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 234. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) unistrigatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128. Not assignable to a species group according to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 128. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus urichi) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 387. Jowers, Sánchez-Ramírez, Greener, Harper, Auguste, Marshall, Thomson, Byrne, Loughrey, Graham, McGhee, Murphy, Rivas-Fuenmayor, Beyts, and Downie, 2022, Pop. Ecol., 64: 136–149, reported on ecology, conservation status, and phylogenetic placement in Trinidad and Tobago. 

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