Pristimantis variabilis (Lynch, 1968)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis variabilis

Eleutherodactylus variabilis Lynch, 1968, J. Herpetol., 2: 129. Holotype: KU 99011, by original designation. Type locality: "Limón Cocha, Napo, Ecuador, 300 meters".

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) variabilisLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 234.

Pristimantis variabilisHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) variabilisHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128.

English Names

Variable Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 80).

Distribution

Amazon Basin and on the Amazonian slopes to about 1000 m elevation in southern Colombia, Ecuador, and northern Peru; arguably in Amazonian Brazil (see comment). 

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 234. Distribution records discussed by Lynch and Lescure, 1980, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 2: 312. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 103–104, provided a brief account and characterization of the call. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 61–62, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru as Eleutherodactylus variabilis. Castro-Herrera, Herrera, Azevedo-Ramos, Coloma, Ron, Rodríguez, Icochea, and Martinez, 2004, IUCN Red List, e.T57029A11571157: unnumbered, provided a record from the Purus River, Amazonas, Brazil, but cited no specimens and, with the exception of Segalla, Berneck, Canedo, Caramaschi, Cruz, Garcia, Grant, Haddad, Lourenço, Mângia, Mott, Nascimento, Toledo, Werneck, and Langone, 2021, Herpetol. Brasil., 10: 145, who included the species in the Brazilian fauna, no one else seems to have provided specimen information. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) unistrigatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 128. Not assignable to a species group according to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 128. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 248–249, for brief account. Medina-Rangel, Thompson, Ruiz-Valderrama, Fajardo Muñoz, Lombana Lugo, Londoño-Guarnizo, Moquena Carbajal, Ríos Rosero, Sánchez Pamo, and Sánchez, 2019, in Pitman et al. (eds.), Bajo Caguán–Caquetá, Rapid Invent. 30: 119, reported the species from Caquetá Department, Colombia. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru.   

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