Pristimantis vertebralis (Boulenger, 1886)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis vertebralis

Hylodes vertebralis Boulenger, 1886, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1886: 415. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.17.5–6 (formerly 1878.1.25.14–15) according to J.D. Lynch in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 328. Type locality: "Intac, [Pichincha Province,] Ecuador".

Eleutherodactylus vertebralisStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Parker, 1938, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 11, 2: 440; Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 346.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) vertebralisLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 234.

Pristimantis vertebralisHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) vertebralisHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 121.

English Names

Vertebral Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 80).


Cloud forests in western Ecuador in the provinces of Carchi, Pichincha, and Bolivar, 1800–2710 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Ecuador

Endemic: Ecuador


In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) conspicillatus series, Eleutherodactylus devillei group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 234. See Lynch, 1979, J. Herpetol., 13: 411–18, for account and summary of previous confusion in identifications. See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 143–144, who place this in the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) devillei group. In the Pristimantis (Pristimantis) devillei species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 121. In the reformulated Pristimantis devillei species group of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Eleutherodactylus vertebralis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 389.

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