Strabomantis anomalus (Boulenger, 1898)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Strabomantinae > Genus: Strabomantis > Species: Strabomantis anomalus

Hylodes anomalus Boulenger, 1898, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1898: 119. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.17.8–10 (formerly 1898.4.28.98–100), according to J.D. Lynch in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 270. Type locality: "Cachabé [= Cachabí], a small village on the river of that name . . . Prov. Esmeraldas . . . about 500 feet above the sea", Ecuador. Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 515, discussed this locality and noted that it is not the same as San Javier de Cachabí.

Eleutherodactylus anomalusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Peters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 339.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) anomalusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor anomalusCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Limnophys anomalusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Strabomantis anomalusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 132.

English Names

Choco Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).


Chocoan rainforests at elevations below 1100 m, from northern Colombia (Serranía de Baudó) south to northwestern Ecuador.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


In the Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri group of Lynch and Myers, 1983, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 175: 518–521, who reviewed this species and discussed misidentifications in the literature. See comment under Eleutherodactylus anatipes. Transferred to the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group by Savage, 1987, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 33: 1–57. Reviewed by Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1993, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 559: 1–2. See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 69–70, who noted that its closest relative appears to be Eleutherodactylus cheiroplethus. In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) anomalus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220. Removed from a monophyletic Craugastor and from the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group by Lynch, 2000, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 24: 130. In the Strabomantis bufoniformis species series, of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 132.

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