Strabomantis biporcatus Peters, 1863

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Strabomantinae > Genus: Strabomantis > Species: Strabomantis biporcatus

Strabomantis biporcatus Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 405. Syntypes: ZMB 3322 (juvenile) and 3330 (3 specimens), according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 47. ZMB 3330B designated lectotype by Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 21. Type locality: "Veragua", Panama.

Hylodes maussi Boettger, 1893, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1893: 39. Syntypes: SMF (2 specimens), according to the original paper. SMF 3821 (formerly 1220.3a) regarded as holotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 39; Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 38: 42, regarded MCZ 10178 as a syntype. Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 21, formalized Mertens' consideration of a single type by designating SMF 3821 as lectotype. Type locality: "Puerto Cabello, [Estado Carabobo,] in Venezuela", considered by La Marca, 1992, Cuad. Geograf., Mérida, 9: 39, as being from near sea level. Synonymy by Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 14.

Eleutherodactylus maussiStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication; Ginés, 1959, Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 19: 112; Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 38: 1-46.

Eleutherodactylus biporcatusDunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 410.

Eleutherodactylus cornutus maussiRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 54.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) maussiHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) biporcatusLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor biporcatusCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Strabomantis biporcatusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 131.

English Names

Puerto Cabello Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77 [as Eleutherodactylus maussi]).


Northern Venezuela (states of Aragua, Carabobo, Miranda, Sucre, and Yaracuy) in a few premontane localities in the Cordillera de la Costa and the Serranía del Interior, 250-1600 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Venezuela

Endemic: Venezuela


In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) biporcatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 228. See account by Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 38: 1-46 (as Eleutherodactylus maussi). Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 14 (account on page 21-24), noted that the name Strabomantis biporcatus had previously been assigned incorrectly to the species now named Eleutherodactylus gulosus, and assigned to the species formerly referred to as Eleutherodactylus maussi. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 227, included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus biporcatus group. In the Strabomantis biporcatus species series, Strabomantis biporcatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 131, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. Barrio-Amorós and Kaiser, 2008, Salamandra, 44: 248-254, detailed the geographic range of the species in Venezuela. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 130–131, for comments on range and literature.

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