Strabomantis bufoniformis (Boulenger, 1896)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Strabomantinae > Genus: Strabomantis > Species: Strabomantis bufoniformis

English Names

Rusty Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 73).


Southeastern Costa Rica to western Colombia (Cordoba and Antioquia south to central Nariño), 15 to 350 m elevation; Gorgona I.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama


Description amplified by Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 375. Diagnosis and account provided by Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 38: 24-25. In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) bufoniformis group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 221. Removed from a monophyletic Craugastor by Lynch, 2000, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 24: 130. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 256-257, who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus bufoniformis group. In the Strabomantis bufoniformis species series, of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 132. Crawford, Cruz, Griffith, Ross, Ibáñez D., Lips, Driskell, Bermingham, and Crump, 2013, Mol. Ecol. Resources, 13: 1005–1018, detected potential cryptic lineages within this taxon. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. Montes-Correa, Jiménez-Bolaño, Collazos-Astudillo, and Renjifo, 2023, Reptiles & Amphibians, 30 (e19521): 1–4, discussed the range and provided a dot map of the range along with a new record from the Municipality of Magüí Payán, Santo Domingo Village, Nariño Department, Colombia, 42 m elevation. 

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