Strabomantis necerus (Lynch, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Strabomantinae > Genus: Strabomantis > Species: Strabomantis necerus

English Names

Mindo Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).

Hornless Groundfrog (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 94). 


Humid lower montane forest at elevations of 600 to 1540 m on the lower Pacific slopes of the Andes in Ecuador from provincia Cotopaxi northward to Provincia Carchi; also reported from Calima Municipality, Department of Valle del Cauca, Colombia, 350 m elevation. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 116-117, who place this species in the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) bufoniformis group. Removed from a monophyletic Craugastor by Lynch, 2000, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 24: 130. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 227, included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus bufoniformis group. In the Strabomantis bufoniformis species series, of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 132. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Craugastor necerus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 306. Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 94–95, provided an account and dot map for Ecuador and suggested the possibility that this species is now extinct.  Ospina-Sarria, Velásquez-Trujillo, and Bolívar-García, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 27-30, provided the record from Calima Municipality, Valle del Cauca Department, Colombia. 

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