Beduka Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Beduka
2 species

Xanthophryne Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Res. Notes, 2 (241): 3. Type species: Bufo koynayensis Soman, 1963, by original designation. Unavailable name due to being published in an online-only journal prior to 2012. 

Beduka Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 159. Type species: Bufo koynaensis Soman, 1963, by original designation. 

English Names

Lateritic Toads (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 2). 


Western Ghats of Maharashtra, southern India.


Van Bocxlaer, Loader, Roelants, Biju, Menegon, and Bossuyt, 2010, Science, 327: 679–682, suggested that Xanthophryne is the sister taxon of Duttaphrynus. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, suggested that Xanthophryne renders Duttaphrynus paraphyletic (although this is difficult to see because the authors explicitly adopted a non-monophyletic taxonomy). Sreekumar and Dinesh, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 33–40, discussed (as Xanthophryne) the range in Maharashtra, India, in terms of agro-climatic zones. Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 159, addressed the nomeclatural anomaly of the name and provided a phylogenetic placement (their only exemplar being Beduka koynayensis) as the sister taxon of Firouzophrynus + Duttaphrynus

Contained taxa (2 sp.):

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