Bufotes latastii (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufotes > Species: Bufotes latastii

Bufo latastii Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 294. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.21.28-31 (formerly 72.4.17.223-226, 72.4.17.371) and including animal illustrated on pl. 19, fig. 2 of the original publication; BMNH 1947. 2.21.28 designated lectotype by Stöck, Grosse, Schmid, and Steinlein, 1998, Zoology, Jena, 101: 76, and lectotype redescribed by Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 293. Type locality: "Ladak" (= Ladakh), India and Pakistan.

Bufo latastii latastiiHemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 34: 377. Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 295.

Bufo siachinensis Khan, 1997, Pakistan J. Zool., 29: 43. Holotype: BMNH 1990.94, by original designation, although Stöck, Schmid, Steinlein, and Grosse, 1999, Ital. J. Zool., 66: 230 and Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 295, cited personal communications from both BMNH ("this number has never been issued") and M.S. Khan to the effect that the specimen is not in the BMNH; presumably it has been retained in Khan's personal collection. Type locality: "seepage pools close to Shinu Village, on the left bank of River Shyok, 140 km east of Skardu, at the foot of Siachin Glacier, Baltistan, northeastern Pakistan, 76.65° E, 35.25° N, elevation 5238 m from sea level"; the veracity of this type locality discussed by Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 295. Synonymy by Stöck, Grosse, Schmid, and Steinlein, 1998, Zoology, Jena, 101: 76.

Pseudepidalea latastiiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

Bufo (Bufotes) latastiiDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25.

Bufotes latastiiFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6: . Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo.

English Names

Ladakh Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42; Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 158; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 10).

Lataste's Toad (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63).

Vertebral-banded Toad (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 24).

Siachine Toad (Bufo siachinensis [no longer recognized]: Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 159).

Distribution

Northern Pakistan in the Kashmir Valley and western Ladakh in India (see comment). 

Comment

In the Bufo viridis group of Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 107, and the Bufo viridis subgroup of Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 291-295, who restricted the name to diploid frogs inhabiting a much smaller region than previously supposed. Hemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 34, discussed the confusing taxonomic history of this diploid species, and showed a karyotype. Bioacoustic data were provided by Dubois and Martens, 1978 "1977", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 102: 459-465; and Stöck, Frynta, Grosse, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2001, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 9: 77-100. For karyotype see Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 292-293. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 24-25, and Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 43, provided a brief accounts (as Bufo latastii). Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted larval descriptions in the literature from brief to extended (as Pseudepidalea latastii).  Ficetola, Crottini, Casiraghi, and Padoa-Schioppa, 2010, North-West. J. Zool., Romania, 6: 1-12, discussed the habitat in Pakistan of Bufotes latastii (as Bufo). See discussion and map by Ficetola and Stöck, 2016, J. Biogeograph., 43: 703–715. Litvinchuk, Skorinov, Mazepa, and Borkin, 2018, Alytes, 36: 314–327, discussed and modeled the range of this diploid species, noting that all records of nominal Bufotes latastii from Tajikistan, and Himanchal Pradesh, India, are referrable to other species. Dufresnes, Mazepa, Jablonski, Oliveira, Wenseleers, Shabanov, Auer, Ernst, Koch, Ramírez-Chaves, Mulder, Simonovo, Tiutenko, Kryvokhyzhar, Wennekes, Zinenko, Korshunov, Al-Johany, Peregontsev, Masroor, Betto-Colliard, Denoël, Borkin, Skorinov, Pasynkova, Mazanaeva, Rosanov, Dubey, and Litvinchuk, 2019, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 141: 1–25, summarized the phylogenetics and biogeography of this diploid species.  

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