Duttaphrynus kotagamai (Fernando and Dayawansa, 1994)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Duttaphrynus > Species: Duttaphrynus kotagamai

Bufo kotagamai Fernando and Dayawansa In Fernando, Dayawansa, and Siriwardhane, 1994, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 1: 119-120. Holotype: USNM 311595 by original designation. Type locality: "Sri Lanka: Sinharaja Man and Biosphere Reserve, Hal Mandiya, 50 m from research station (6 25 N, 80 25 E)".

"Bufo" kotagamaiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364. Excluded from Bufo and unassigned to genus.

Duttaphrynus kotagamaiVan Bocxlaer, Biju, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Evol. Biol., 9 (e131): 1-10, by implication.

English Names

Kotagama's Toad (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 63).


Known only from three localities in low montane rainforest habitats (Sinharaja Man and Biosphere Reserve; Makadawa Forest Reserve, Kitulgala; Samanala Nature Reserve, Savaragamuwa Province; and Massana Forest Reserve near Ratnapura), southwest-central Sri Lanka below 1070 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Sri Lanka

Endemic: Sri Lanka


See accounts by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 75-51, and Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 47. In the Bufo scaber group of Dubois and Ohler, 1999, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 4: 133-180. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo kotagamai) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 186. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 63, provided a brief account (as Bufo kotagamai) and color photograph. Peabotuwage, Bandara, Samarasinghe, Perera, Madawala, Amarasinghe, Kandambi, and Karunarathna, 2012, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 5: 52–64, discussed the range and provided a record from the Samanala Nature Reserve, Sri Lanka. 

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