Incilius campbelli (Mendelson, 1994)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Incilius > Species: Incilius campbelli

Bufo campbelli Mendelson, 1994, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 166: 4. Holotype: KU 186320, by original designation. Type locality: "Las Escobas, 5.1 km W Puerto Santo Tomás, 104 m, Montañas del Mico, Departamento de Izabal, Guatemala".

Cranopsis campbelliFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Ollotis campbelliFrost, Grant, and Mendelson, 2006, Copeia, 2006: 558, by implication.

Incilius campbelliFrost, Mendelson, and Pramuk, 2009, Copeia, 2009: 418-419, by implication.

English Names

Campbell's Forest Toad (Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 66).

Campbell's Rainforest Toad (Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 83; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 18).

Joe's Favorite Toad (common usage). 


Atlantic versant from extreme eastern Chiapas (Mexico) through Guatemala to Departamento Atlantida in western Honduras. Maya Mountains of Belize. All records from rainforest 100–1080 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico


In the former Bufo valliceps group, most similar to Bufo cavifrons and Bufo cristatus, according to the original publication. See accounts by Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 66–67; Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 83–85; and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 167–171 (who amplified that diagnosis and implied difficulty in separating this taxon from Incilius leucomyos). McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 38, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo campbelli) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 611. Valdés-Orellana and McCranie, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 237, provided a locality in the Departamento Santa Bárbara, Honduras, and commented on the range in Honduras. Mendelson, Mulcahy, Williams, and Sites, 2011, Zootaxa, 3138: 1–34, suggested that this species is a member of a monophyletic Incilius valliceps group and in a subgroup they referred to as the Forest Group (the name Incilius cristatus subgroup is available—DRF) that includes Incilius aucoinae, Incilius cavifrons, Incilius campbelli, Incilius cristatus, Incilius leucomoyos, Incilius macrocristatus, Incilius melanochlorus, Incilius spiculatus, and Incilius tutelarius. Percino-Daniel, Bénard-Valle, García-del Valle, and Mendelson, 2013, Herpetol. Rev., 44: 103, provided records for the Municipality of Marquez de Comillas, eastern Chiapas, Mexico, and noted that previous records from Veracruz and northern Chiapas, Mexico, were based on misidentified Incilius macrocristatusOliver-López, Woolrich-Piña, and Lemos-Espinal, 2009, Fam. Bufonidae Mex.: 60–61, provided an account (as Ollotis campbelli), although the range map is now substantially out of date. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 104–115, compared this species to others in Central America ad provided a range map and photograph. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 104–115, compared this species to others in Central America and provided a range map and photograph.

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