Incilius ibarrai (Stuart, 1954)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Incilius > Species: Incilius ibarrai

Bufo ibarrai Stuart, 1954, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 67: 162. Holotype: UMMZ 108000, by original designation. Type locality: "Oak-pine zone at Aserradero San Lorenzo (about 12 air-line kilometers slightly east of north of Jalapa), Department of Jalapa, Guatemala. Elevation, 1725 m."

Cranopsis ibarraiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Ollotis ibarraiFrost, Grant, and Mendelson, 2006, Copeia, 2006: 558, by implication.

Incilius ibarraiFrost, Mendelson, and Pramuk, 2009, Copeia, 2009: 418–419, by implication.

English Names

Jalapa Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42).


Wet forests at moderate and intermediate (1360–1980 m) elevations of the central and southern highlands of Guatemala and contiguous Honduras.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Guatemala, Honduras


Mendelson, 2001, Mesoam. Herpetol.: 10–19, discussed previous misidentifications and restricted the distribution to Guatemala. In the former Bufo coccifer complex of Mendelson, Williams, Sheil, and Mulcahy, 2005, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 38: 13–15, who provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo ibarrai) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 185. Mendelson, Mulcahy, Williams, and Sites, 2011, Zootaxa, 3138: 1–34, suggested that this species is a members in an a monophyletic Incilius coccifer group that includes Incilius coccifer, Incilius cycladen, Incilius ibarrai, Incilius pisinnus, Incilius porteri, and Incilius signifer. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 104–115, compared this species to others in Central America and provided a range map and photograph. Firneno and Townsend, 2019, Zool. Scripta, 48: 454–465, reported on genetics, range, and relationship to Incilius porteri and Incilius cocciferFirneno, O'Neill, Portik, Emery, Townsend, and Fujita, 2020, Mol. Ecol., 29: 3543–3559, discussed incomplete lineage sorting and mtDNA/nuDNA discordance in the Incilius coccifer complex (Incilius coccifer, Incilius porteri, and Incilius ibarrai). See also Streicher and Day, 2020, Mol. Ecol., 29: 3400–3402, who commented on that paper and the issues it raised.  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.