Incilius signifer (Mendelson, Williams, Sheil, and Mulcahy, 2005)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Incilius > Species: Incilius signifer

Bufo signifer Mendelson, Williams, Sheil, and Mulcahy, 2005, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 38: 20. Holotype: AMNH 69626, by original designation. Type locality: "7 mi N (11.2 km) and 2 mi (3.2 km) W of David, Chiriquí, Panama".

Cranopsis signiferaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Ollotis signiferFrost, Grant, and Mendelson, 2006, Copeia, 2006: 558, by implication.

Incilius signiferFrost, Mendelson, and Pramuk, 2009, Copeia, 2009: 418–419, by implication.


Tropical dry forest along the Pacific versant of Panama, west of the Canal Zone, sea level to 900 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Panama

Endemic: Panama


In the Incilius coccifer complex and confused with Incilius coccifer (all as Bufo) prior to its description, according to the original publication. The published etymology of the specific name renders it an adjective rather than a noun in apposition (DRF). Mendelson, Mulcahy, Williams, and Sites, 2011, Zootaxa, 3138: 1–34, suggested that this species is a member of a monophyletic Incilius coccifer group that includes Incilius coccifer, Incilius cycladen, Incilius ibarrai, Incilius pisinnus, Incilius porteri, and Incilius signiferKöhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 104–115, compared this species to others in Central America and provided a range map and photograph. Flores, de Gracia, and Rivas, 2017, Herpetol. Rev., 48: 383, provided a record for Cerro Hoya National Park, Los Santos, Panama. Sosa Bartuano, 2018, Mesoam. Herpetol., 5: 170–172, provided an additional record for Los Santos Province, Panama. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.