Incilius tacanensis (Smith, 1952)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Incilius > Species: Incilius tacanensis

Bufo tacanensis Smith, 1952, Copeia, 1952: 176. Holotype: UMMZ 88359, by original designation. Type locality: "at 1500 meters on Volcán de Tacaná, Unión Juárez, Chiapas, México".

Cranopsis tacanensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Ollotis tacanensisFrost, Grant, and Mendelson, 2006, Copeia, 2006: 558, by implication.

Incilius tacanensisFrost, Mendelson, and Pramuk, 2009, Copeia, 2009: 418–419, by implication.

English Names

Volcan Tacana Toad (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 18; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 18).


Intermediate elevations along the Pacific versant of extreme eastern Chiapas (Mexico) and western Guatemala, 200 to 2200 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Guatemala, Mexico


See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo tacanensis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 192. Mendelson, Mulcahy, Williams, and Sites, 2011, Zootaxa, 3138: 1-34, suggested that Incilius tacanensis is a members in an unnamed monophyletic group that includes Incilius alvarius, Incilius occidentalis, Incilius mccoyi, and Incilius tacanensisOliver-López, Woolrich-Piña, and Lemos-Espinal, 2009, Fam. Bufonidae Mex.: 93–94, provided an account for Mexico (as Ollotis cristata). Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 104–115, compared this species to others in Central America and provided a range map and photograph. McCarthy, Shinn, Luna-Reyes, and Mendelson, 2022, ZooKeys, 1102: 149–161, redescribed the species, summarized its biology and conservation status, and provided a range map. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.