Incilius tutelarius (Mendelson, 1997)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Incilius > Species: Incilius tutelarius

Bufo tutelarius Mendelson, 1997, Herpetologica, 53: 15. Holotype: UTA A-13135, by original designation. Type locality: "Colonia Rodulfo Figueroa, 19.0 km NW Rizo de Oro, Oaxaca, Mexico, 1370 m (16° 32′ N, 94° 08′ W)".

Cranopsis tutelariaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Ollotis tutelariaFrost, Grant, and Mendelson, 2006, Copeia, 2006: 558, by implication.

Incilius tutelariusFrost, Mendelson, and Pramuk, 2009, Copeia, 2009: 418-419, by implication.

English Names

Chimalapas Toad (Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 19).


Pacific Highlands of Chiapas (Mexico) and Guatemala in the Sierra Chimalapa and Sierra Madre de Chiapas, including Volcán Tacaná, 1050–2000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Guatemala, Mexico


In the former Bufo valliceps group according to the original publication. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo tutelarius) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 193. Mendelson, Mulcahy, Williams, and Sites, 2011, Zootaxa, 3138: 1-34, suggested that this species is a member of a monophyletic Incilius valliceps group and in a subgroup they referred to as the Forest Group (the name Incilius cristatus subgroup is available—DRF) that includes Incilius aucoinae, Incilius cavifrons, Incilius campbelli, Incilius cristatus, Incilius leucomoyos, Incilius macrocristatus, Incilius melanochlorus, Incilius spiculatus, and Incilius tutelariusOliver-López, Woolrich-Piña, and Lemos-Espinal, 2009, Fam. Bufonidae Mex.: 94–97, provided an account for Mexico (as Ollotis tutelaria). Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 104–115, compared this species to others in Central America and provided a range map and photograph.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.