Leptophryne cruentata (Tschudi, 1838)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Leptophryne > Species: Leptophryne cruentata

Bufo cruentatus Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 52. Syntypes: RMNH 2130 (2 specimens) according to M.S. Hoogmoed In Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 67; Given as RMNH 2130-31 by Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 32, who noted that 2131 could not be located. Type locality: "India orient."; given as Java [Indonesia] by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 666; Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 43, noted that the types came from Cibodas, Java, Indonesia.

Leptophryne cruentataFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 42.

Bufo montanus Werner, 1897, Zool. Anz., 20: 265. Holotype: NHMW 22864, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 14, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 18. Type locality: "Tijibodas (Java)", Indonesia. Synonymy by Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 78.

Cacophryne cruentataBrongersma, 1935, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 18: 257-259.

English Names

Indonesia Tree Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).

Bleeding Toad (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 43).

Fire Toad (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 43).


Known only from Mount Pangrango, Mount Gedeh, and Curug Luhur, Jawa Barat, Java, Indonesia, 1000–2000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia

Endemic: Indonesia


See comment under Leptophryne borbonica. See accounts by Liem, 1973 "1971", Philipp. J. Sci., 100: 137 (as Cacophryne cruentata), and Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 43–44. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 26, to compare this species with others in the Sunda Shelf region. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 195. Chan and Grismer, 2019, BMC Evol. Biol., 19(95): 3, suggested that the sequence divergence between this species and Leptophryne javanica is so low (below 5%) that they may be conspecific. 

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