Leptophryne Fitzinger, 1843

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Leptophryne
3 species

Leptophryne Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32. Type species: Bufo cruentatus Tschudi, 1838, by original designation.

Cacophryne Davis, 1935, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 20: 87-92. Type species: Hylaplesia borbonica Tschudi, 1838, by original designation. Synonymy by Dubois, 1982, J. Herpetol., 16: 173-174.

Nomina inquirenda - Name(s) unassigned to a living or extinct population

Bufo verrucosus Boettger, 1902, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1902: 63. . Type(s): SMF. Type locality: "Borneo". Nomen nudum, according to Mertens, 1924, Senckenb. Biol., 6: 185.

English Names

Indonesia Tree Toads (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Peninsular Thailand through the Malay Peninsula onto the Greater Sunda Is.


See Laurent, 1980 "1979", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 104: 406, and Dubois, 1982, J. Herpetol., 16: 173, for discussion. Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 42-44, provided accounts for the Javan species. Smith and Chiszar, 2006, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 1: 6-8, implied that this taxon should be considered a subgenus of Bufo; see comment under Bufonidae. Van Bocxlaer, Biju, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Evol. Biol., 9 (e131): 1-10, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that Leptophryne is the sister taxon of Ingerophrynus. Subsequently, on the basis of denser taxon sampling, Van Bocxlaer, Loader, Roelants, Biju, Menegon, and Bossuyt, 2010, Science, 327: 679-682, suggested that Leptophryne is phylogenetically isolated and of uncertain relationships. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, suggested with low support measures that Leptophryne is the sister taxon of Epidalea.

Contained taxa (3 sp.):

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