Nannophryne cophotis (Boulenger, 1900)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Nannophryne > Species: Nannophryne cophotis

Bufo cophotis Boulenger, 1900, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 6: 181. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.20.86 (formerly 1900.3.30.24) and 1947.2.20.87–90 (formerly 1900.6.20.35–38) according to Hoogmoed, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 41. Type locality: "Paramo, Cajamarca, 9000 feet", and "Carao [= Caraz], 7000 feet", Ancash, Peru.

Chaunus cophotisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Nannophryne cophotisFrost, 2007, Amph. Spec. World, vers. 5.0, by implication of the results of Pramuk, 2006, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 146: 435; Pramuk, Robertson, Sites, and Noonan, 2008, Global Ecol. Biogeograph., 17: 76; Chaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 203–212 (by implication).

English Names

Paramo Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Atlantic and Amazonian Andes (2000 to 3500 m), Departments of Cajamarca, Ancash, and La Libertad, northern Peru, 3160–4100 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Peru

Endemic: Peru


See comment under Nannophryne. Possibly a member of Osornophryne according to Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 114. Córdova, 1999, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A—Biol., 600: 1–28, reported on karyotype and posited relationship to Bufo spinulosus. Pramuk, 2006, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 146: 425, suggested on the basis of molecular and morphological evidence that it is in the Bufo variegatus group (now Nannophryne).

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