Oreophrynella quelchii (Boulenger, 1895)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Oreophrynella > Species: Oreophrynella quelchii

Oreophryne Quelchii Boulenger, 1895, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 15: 521. Syntypes: BMNH 1895.4.19.1–5 (reregistered 1947.2.14.50–54) and 1899.3.25.7–13, KU 126081–82 (formerly BMNH 1899.3.25.14–15), ZFMK (formerly BMNH 1899.3.25.7–13, and 1899.3.25.16) considered lost by Böhme, 2014, Mertensiella, 21: 87), and MCZ 3500–02 (on exchange from BMNH according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 311), according to Hoogmoed, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 71. Type locality: "summit of Mount Roraima, between British Guiana [= Guyana] and Venezuela, at an altitude of 8500 feet".

Oreophrynella quelchii — Boulenger, 1895, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 16: 125.

Oreophrynella quelchii quelchiiRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 175.

English Names

Roraima Bush Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 45).


Mount Roraima, Venezuela, Guyana, and Brazil (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela


See comment under Oreophrynella nigra. Barrio-Amorós, 2004, Rev. Ecol. Lat. Am., 9: 4, reported on distribution and relevant literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 200. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 377, for brief account and records for Guyana. Señaris, Lampo, Rojas-Runjaic, and Barrio-Amorós, 2014, Guía Ilust. Anf. Parque Nac. Canaima: 58–59, provided a brief account for the Parque Nacional de Canaima and photograph. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 13, for remarks on distribution and literature. Segalla, Berneck, Canedo, Caramaschi, Cruz, Garcia, Grant, Haddad, Lourenço, Mângia, Mott, Nascimento, Toledo, Werneck, and Langone, 2021, Herpetol. Brasil., 10: 139, included the species as part of the Brazilian fauna, so DRF is assuming that vouchers exist for that political unit. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.