Pelophryne api Dring, 1983

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Pelophryne > Species: Pelophryne api

Pelophryne api Dring, 1983, Amphibia-Reptilia, 4: 107. Holotype: BMNH 1978.1575, by original designation. Type locality: "camp five 150 m, base of Gunung Api, Gunung Mulu N[ational]. P[ark]., Fourth Division, Sarawak", Malaysia (Borneo).

English Names

None noted.


Known from the type locality in Gunung Mulu National Park as well as Bau region of the Kuching Division, Sarawak, Malaysia (Borneo), 65-1200 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Malaysia, Malaysia, East (Sarawak and/or Sabah)

Endemic: Malaysia, Malaysia, East (Sarawak and/or Sabah)


See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 26, to compare this species with others in the Sunda Shelf region. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 202. Chan and Grismer, 2019, BMC Evol. Biol., 19(95): 3, suggested that the sequence divergence between this species and Parapelophryne guentheri is so low (below 3%) that they may be conspecific. Zainudin, Alaudin, Sungif, Agoh, Deka, and Naim, 2018, J. Sustainability Sci. Managment, 13: 237–241, reported the Bau region, Kuching Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.