Ceratophrys joazeirensis Mercadal de Barrio, 1986

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratophryidae > Genus: Ceratophrys > Species: Ceratophrys joazeirensis

Ceratophrys joazeirensis Mercadal de Barrio, 1986, Amphibia-Reptilia, 7: 320. Holotype: NHMW 4582, by original designation. Type locality: "Joazeiro (Estado de Bahía), NE de Brasil".

English Names

Joazeiro Horned Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 71).


Brazilian states of Minas Gerais (Fazenda Jatobá, Buritizeiro), Bahia (Joazeiro), Paraiba (Municipality of Araruna), Rio Grande do Norte (Santa Maria Municipality), Pernambuco (Municipality of Triunfo), Alagoas, and Sergipe. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


An octoploid species most closely related to Ceratophrys ornata according to original publication. In the subgenus Ceratophrys by implication. Vieira, Arzabe, and Vieira, 2006, Check List, 2(2): 28–29, provided records from Paraíba, Brazil. Santos, Silva, Campos, and Quirino, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 107, provided the first record from Pernambuco, Brazil. Vieira, Silva, and Arzabe, 2006, Zootaxa, 1320: 57–68, discussed cranial morphology and karyology in light of relationships to other Ceratophrys. Jorge, Kokubum, Sales, and Freire, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 297–298, provided a record for Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Zaidan and Leite, 2012, Zootaxa, 3540: 65–66, reported on the advertisement call. Maciel, Kokubum, Braga, Queiróz, and Matsushita, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6: 447-450, provided a dot map, a new record for Minas Gerais, and described the advertisement call. Faivovich, Nicoli, Blotto, Pereyra, Baldo, Barrionuevo, Fabrezi, Wild, and Haddad, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 207–227, suggested that this species is the sister taxon of Ceratophrys aurita. Jorge, Sales, Kokubum, and Freire, 2015, Phyllomedusa, 14: 147–156, reported on natural history and discussed the range. Almeida, Nascimento, Torquato da Silva, Lisboa, Tiburcio, Palmeira, Lima, and Mott, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 134, provided a record for Alagoas, Brazil. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, noted that the larva remains undescribed.   

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