Ceratophrys Wied-Neuwied, 1824

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratophryidae > Genus: Ceratophrys
8 species

Phrynocerus Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 78. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 24, presumably on the assumption that Phrynocerus Rafinesque = Phrynocercus Tschudi.

Ceratophrys Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 672. Type species: Ceratophrys varius Wied-Neuwied, 1824 (= Bufo auritus Raddi, 1823), by subsequent designation of Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32

Stombus Gravenhorst, 1825, Isis von Oken, 1825: 920. Type species: Rana cornuta Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation of Gravenhorst, 1829, Delic. Mus. Zool. Vratislav., 1: 48. Synonymy by Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 82; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 24.

Phrynoceros Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 83. Type species: Phrynoceros vaillanti Tschudi, 1838, by monotypy. Attributed to Bibron. Synonymy by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 24.

Trigonophrys Hallowell, 1857 "1856", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 298. Type species: Trigonophrys rugiceps Hallowell, 1857 "1856", by monotypy. Synonymy by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 25.

TriogonophrysHoffmann, 1878, in Bronn (ed.), Die Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs, 6(2): 620. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Common Horned Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 71).

Horned Frogs (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 78).


Tropical South America.


Lynch, 1982, Syst. Zool., 31: 166-179, discussed the phylogeny and biogeography of this genus and defined the subgenera (Stombus and Ceratophrys) noted in the species accounts. Mercadal de Barrio, 1986, Amphibia-Reptilia, 7: 313-334, discussed phylogeny in the genus. Fernicola, 2001, Ameghiniana, 38: 385-391, discussed the fossil species. Faivovich, Nicoli, Blotto, Pereyra, Baldo, Barrionuevo, Fabrezi, Wild, and Haddad, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 207–227, provided evidence that Ceratophrys is the sister taxon of Chacophrys + Lepidobatrachus. Nicoli, 2019, Zootaxa, 4658: 37–68, reviewed and revised fossil Ceratophrys . See comments by Segalla, Berneck, Canedo, Caramaschi, Cruz, Garcia, Grant, Haddad, Lourenço, Mângia, Mott, Nascimento, Toledo, Werneck, and Langone, 2021, Herpetol. Brasil., 10: 127, regarding the recognition of Stombus as a genus. 

Contained taxa (8 sp.):

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