Allobates trilineatus (Boulenger, 1884)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Aromobatidae > Subfamily: Allobatinae > Genus: Allobates > Species: Allobates trilineatus

Phyllobates trilineatus Boulenger, 1884 "1883", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1883: 636. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.14.20, according to Grant and Rodríguez, 2001, Am. Mus. Novit., 3355: 1–24. Type locality: "Yurimaguas, Huallaga River, [Departamento Loreto,] Northern Peru".

Colostethus trilineatusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Allobates trilineatusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 162.

English Names

Three-striped Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).


Low elevation (100 to 250 m) forest on the east side of the Cordillera Oriental from northern Peru (departments of Amazonas, Huánuco, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Puno) south into Bolivia, and east into Acre (Tarauacá, Porto Walter, and Parque Nacional Serra do Divisor) and Amazonas (Envira), Brazil; Amazonian Colombia (southwestern Caquetá and extreme southern Amazonas), and Amazonian Ecuador (provinces of Orellana, Pastaza, and Sucumbíos). See comment regarding cryptic species. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


Prior to the revision of Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299, placed in the Colostethus brunneus group (Group II) of Rivero, 1990 "1988", Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 48: 3–32, and the Colostethus trilineatus group of Morales, 2002 "2000", Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 13: 1–59, (who provided an account for this species and noted that records from Ecuador apply to other species). See account by Morales, 1994, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 8: 101. De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1996, J. Nat. Hist., London, 30: 1413–1420, discussed advertisement call. Köhler and Lötters, 1999, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 48: 259–273, noted the difficulty of identification of Bolivian specimens. See also De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 29, for discussion of the taxonomic problems in Bolivia and confusion with Allobates marchesianus. See Grant and Rodríguez, 2001, Am. Mus. Novit., 3355: 1–24, for discussion and redescription of the holotype. Duellman, 2005, Cusco Amazonico: 192–194, provided an account (adult and larval morphology, description of the call, life history). Melo-Sampaio, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 210–211, provided a record for Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil. Melo-Sampaio, Oliveira, and Prates, 2018, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 13: 143–144, commented on geographic variation and misidentifications in the literature. See brief account by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 30–31. Réjaud, Rodrigues, Crawford, Castroviejo-Fisher, Jaramillo-Martinez, Chaparro, Glaw, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Moravec, De la Riva, Pérez-Peña, Lima, Werneck, Hrbek, Ron, Ernst, Kok, Driskell, Chave, and Fouquet, 2020, J. Biogeograph., 47: 2472–2482, noted a cryptic species associated with this taxon. Jaramillo-Martinez, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Simões, and Castroviejo-Fisher, 2021, Zootaxa, 4951: 201–235, provided a review and redescription of the species, including the recognition of a cryptic species including what they referred to as Allobates aff. trilineatus from the Brazilian state of Acre and from southern Peru in Panguana, Huanuco, and Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios and Allobates sp. from Requena, Loreto, Peru. 

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