Rheobates palmatus (Werner, 1899)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Aromobatidae > Subfamily: Anomaloglossinae > Genus: Rheobates > Species: Rheobates palmatus

Phyllobates (Hypodictyon) palmatus Werner, 1899, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 49: 479. Holotype: Originally ZIUG; now ZFMK 28134, according to Böhme and Bischoff, 1984, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 19: 180. Type locality: "Fusagasugá, 1700 m, (bei Bogotá)", Departamento Cundinamarca, Colombia.

Hylixalus granuliventris Boulenger, 1919, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1919: 79–81. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.14.28 (originally 1919.3.6.32), by museum records. Type locality: "Bogotá", Cundinamarca, Colombia. Synonymy by Dunn, 1957, Copeia, 1957: 77; Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 52.

Syrrhophus palmatusBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 401.

Hyloxalus granuliventrisHellmich, 1939, Wochenschr. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Braunschweig, 36: 536; Hellmich, 1940, Zool. Anz., 131: 114; Dunn, 1944, Caldasia, 2: 403.

Hyloxalus palmatusDunn, 1944, Caldasia, 2: 403.

Prostherapis palmatusDunn, 1957, Copeia, 1957: 77.

Phyllobates palmatusCochran, 1966, Mem. Inst. Butantan, São Paulo, 33: 64.

Prostherapis granuliventris —Dunn In Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 6, by implication.

Colostethus granuliventrisEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Colostethus palmatusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Colostethus palmatus granuliventrisGorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 115.

Colostethus palmatus palmatusGorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 115.

Rheobates palmatusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 159.

English Names

Palm Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).


Cordillera Oriental (eastern slope in Boyacá, Cundinamarca, and Meta; western slope in Norte de Santander south to Huila; eastern slope of the Cordillera Central (Caldas, Tolima, and Huila), northern part of the Cordillera Occidental and Cordillera Central (southern Córdoba, Sucre, Bolívar, and northern Antioquia), and Serranía de La Macarena at elevations of 250–2520 m elevation, Colombia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia

Endemic: Colombia


Prior to the revision of Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299, in the Colostethus fuliginosus group (Group VI) of Rivero, 1990 "1988", Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 48: 3–32. Lynch and Renjifo, 2001, Guia Anf. Rept. Bogota: 43, presented a brief account and photograph. Bernal, Guarnizo, and Lüddecke: 395–408, reported on geographic variation in advertisement call. Lynch, 2006, Caldasia, 28: 139, characterized the range in Colombia. Sánchez, 2013, Zootaxa, 3637: 569–591, provided information on larval morphology. Muñoz-Ortiz, Velásquez-Álvarez, Guarnizo, and Crawford, 2015, J. Biogeograph., 42: 193–205.  Guarnizo, Paz, Muñoz-Ortiz, Flechas-Hernández, Méndez-Narváez, and Crawford, 2016, PLoS One, 10(5: e0127312): 1–20, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that three species likely exist in Colombia under this binomial.Grant, Rada, Anganoy-Criollo, Batista, Dias, Jeckel, Machado, and Rueda-Almonacid, 2017, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 12 (Special Issue): 35, provided a tree which places Rheobates pseudopalmata within multiple lineages of nominal Rheobates palmatus, suggesting that the latter is a species complex. Jerez and Yara-Contreras, 2018, Catal. Anf. Rept. Colombia, Medellín, 4(1): 68–78, provided a detailed account. Ovalle-Pacheco, Camacho-Rozo, and Arroyo, 2019, Check List, 15: 390, extended the elevational range. Genty, Guarnizo, Ramírez, Barrientos, and Crawford, 2022, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 2022 (6774225): 1–20, discussed cryptic species under this name. 

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