Oophaga granulifera (Taylor, 1958)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Oophaga > Species: Oophaga granulifera

Dendrobates granuliferus Taylor, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 39: 10. Holotype: KU 43874, by original designation. Type locality: "on low mountains, north of the Río Diquis, about 3 miles north of Palmar [Norte], [Cantón de Osa,] Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 101, commented on the type locality.

Ranitomeya granuliferusAnonymous, 1985, Ripa, Netherlands, April: 2.

Dendrobates granuliferDuellman, 1993, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 21: 60. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the species name (Art. 32.5.1, 1999 Code).

Oophaga granuliferaBauer, 1994, Ripa, Netherlands, Fall: 4; Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 172.

English Names

Granular Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 22; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50).

Granular Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 49).

Granulated Poison-dart Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 49).


Lowland forests of the Golfo Dulce region of the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, sea level to 100 m elevation; presumably in adjacent Panama.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica

Likely/Controversially Present: Panama

Endemic: Costa Rica


See accounts by Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 760; Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 36–37; and Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 384–386 (who discussed natural and introduced populations within Costa Rica). van Wijngaarden and Bolaños, 1992, J. Herpetol., 26: 102–105, described the tadpole. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species (as Dendrobates granuliferus) in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 567–575, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Dendrobates granuliferus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 229, who reported the range to possibly include southeastern Costa Rica and adjacent northwestern Panama. Brusa, Bellati, Meuche, Mundy, and Pröhl, 2013, J. Biogeograph., 40: 394–408, reported on phenotype, advertisement call, and molecular diversification in Costa Rica. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 131–136, provided a key to the species of AndinobatesDendrobates, and Oophaga (as Dendrobates) in Central America and provided a map and photograph of this species. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.